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Herbal plants and medicinal properties
Botanical Name :- Petroselinum crispum
Indian name :- Prajmoda
Parsely is an erect, biennial or short lived perennial herb with a fleshy aromatic tap root and dark green shiny leaves. There are two groups of parsely . One group is with plain leaves and the other with curled leaves commonly known as moss-curled. Parsely is a native of Southern Europe. Parsely contains a glucoside apiin and an an essential oil which contain apiol. The fruits contain coumarin.
Properties :- Parsely is rich in ascorbic acid and hence is a good blood cleanser. It increases the secretion and discharge urine and relieves flatulence. Parsely aids digestion and helps prevent the formation of gas within the stomach and intestines. It is one of the most popular remedies for indigestion. The elements in parsely help to maintain blood vessels particularly the capillaries and arterial system in a healthy conditions. It is very useful in high blood pressure. The herb is an effective remedy for scanty menstruation. It also assists in the regularization of the monthly periods. Parsely is a very effective remedy for bad breath. Boil 2 cups of water with coarsely chopped parsely sprigs and 2 or 3 whole cloves or a quarter tablespoon ground cloves. The herb has also proved beneficial in the treatment of boils.
Botanical Name :- Ficus religiosa
Indian name :- Peepal
The peepal is one of the best known trees of India. The tree grows to large proportions. It has a hard, cracked and grayish white bark and numerous offshoots. The peepal is venerated by the Hindus and Buddhists. The rishis of yore meditated under it. The tree is found wild in the forests on the lower slopes of the Himalayas, Orissa and Central India
Properties :- The bark and leaves of peepal are useful in many common ailments. Its leaves are laxative and a tonic. They relieve feverish feeling and produce a feeling of coolness. They are also useful in arresting secretion or bleeding. The leaves of peepal are used in the treatment of heart disease. They are infused in water at night distilled in the next morning and stored in white bottles. About 15 mg of this infusion is administrated trice daily. The leaves of the tree are useful in constipation It is also effective in treating dysentery and in bruises and wounds. Peepal leaves are used in the treatment of mumps also.

Pomegranate, whose main attraction has been as a fruit, is now coming in to its own as a modern medical resource. Ayurveda holds it with great reverence as a power full wholesome gift of nature against a long list of human ailments.Medicanal powers of the pomegranate are mentioned Greek mythology. Chinese mention pomegranate juice a a longevity drug.

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Botanical Name :- Piper nigrum
Indian name :- Kali mirch
Pepper is one of the oldest and most important of all spices. It is known as the 'king of spices' .Black pepper is the whole dried fruit, while white is the fruit subjected to the treatment in water with the mesocrap removed. Both varieties are ground and used in a powdered form. Pepper is a native of Western Ghats of India.
Properties :- Black pepper is stimulant, pungent, aromatic, digestive and nervine tonic. Black pepper is very useful in in relieving flatulence. Pepper has a stimulating effect on the digestive organs and produces an increased flow of salvia and gastric juices. It is a good home remedy for digestive disorders. Powdered black pepper thoroughly mixed with malted jagerry may be taken in the treatment of such conditions. Pepper is beneficial in the treatment of cold and fever. A pinch of finely ground pepper mixed with honey taken twice day is effective in amnesia or dullness of intellect. Pepper is an effective remedy for cough caused due to throat irritation. Pepper is useful in pyorrhoea or pus in the gums. Powdered pepper and salt mixture when massaged over the gums relieves inflammation.

Botanical Name :- Papaver somniferum
Indian name :- Khas-khas
Poppy plant is a native of Asia. Poppy seeds are founded in poppy heads. They are recommended in many prescriptions for tonics. The plant is endowed with roots of strong fragrance. It is an erect ,annual herb with smooth surface and latex in all parts. The sap of the plant contains oxalic acid and opium which has 25 , the chief being morphine, codeine, thelaine, narcotine, narceine and papaverine.
Properties :- Poppy seeds are effective in thirst, fever, inflammation and irritation of the stomach. The root is employed as one of the ingredients in several cooling medicines. The essence of the root is used as tonic because of its stimulating qualities. It is an easy to make home remedy for dysentery. About quarter teaspoon of the powder of poppy seeds are sauted to a golden brown in honey. It is taken twice daily to relief from the symptoms. Poppy seeds ground to paste with lime juice are effective when rubbed on the areas effected by dry itch.
Botanical Name - Boerhaavia diffusa Linn
Indian Name - Punarnava