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Herbal plants and medicinal properties
Botanical Name :- Rauwolfia serpentina
Indian name :- Sarpagandha
Rauwolfia is an erect herb with a smooth stem. Rauwolfia is a native of India. The herb was introduced to the modern system of medicine by Dr. Ganpath Sen and Dr. Kartik Chandra Bose renowned Ayurvedic physicians of Culcutta. The root of the herb contain a lot of the resin and starch and when incinerated leave an ash consisting mainly of potassium carbonate, phosphate, silicate and traces of iron and manganese
Properties :- The herb is an active drug in lowering blood pressure. It is also used to reduce fever. During delivery, it is used to stimulate uterine contractions and promote the expulsion of the fetus. The plant is effective in treating insanity. It is popularly known as pagal-ka-dawa , a medicine for insanity. The herb is effective in treating insomnia because of its sedative properties. Rauwolfia is the best medicine for high blood pressure, and it has been adapted by medical society in most countries especially in American countries. The alkoloids which have a direct effect on hypertension , have been isolated in it and are widely used by doctors of modern medicine. Rauwolfia is also very effective in treating hysteria. One gram of powdered root can be administrated trice with milk.
Botanical Name :- Rosmarinus officinalis
Indian name :- Rusmary
Rosemary is a sweet scented evergreen shrub which grows up to 2 metres high. The leaves are narrow and resemble curved pine needles. They have small pale blue flowers grow in little clusters up the stems. Dried leaves of Rosemary are used for commercial purposes. Dried herb is brownish green in colour. The leaves are a tea like fragrance. Rosemary has long been regarded as the herb for remembrance. It was once believed to strengthen the heart as well as memory. Rosemary is a native of Southern Europe. Dried rosemary leaves on fractional distillation yield 1 to 2 per cent of a volatile oil which is used in perfumery and medicine. They also contain several acids and other chemical substances.
Properties :- Rosemary is an antidote to mental fatigue and forgetfulness. a tea made from the herb is a good natural remedy for bringing added mental agility. The plant has been very effective in atonic dyspepsia , that is indigestion and stiffness in the stomach. Its oil is used as an ingredient in rubefacient liniments. The flowering top and leaves of rosemary are used for vapour baths in rheumatism.
Botanical Name :- Achyranthes aspera
Indian name :- Chirchita
Rough chaff is an errect and stiff annual herb which grows densely up to 50 cm in length. It has numerous branches. The flowers are small and face downwards. Old flowers are found at the bottom and fresh ones on the upper portion. It is a native of India. The ash of the herb contains a high proportion of potash and is an antacid. It is an important constituent of alkaline medicine which is useful in counteracting acidity.
Properties :-Rough chaff is one of the important herbs used by villagers in preparing mixed greens. The leaves are tasteless but assume a mild bitter taste after cooking. They also have soft cellulose. Rough chaff is used to treat asthma. The ash of the leaves is mixed with honey is used for cough. The herb is specific for spleen enlargement. The powder of the plant is used in 25 gram dose twice daily with a little beaten curd. This brings good result in 3 or 4 weeks. The powdered root of the herb is useful in asthma.