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Herbal plants and medicinal properties
Botanical Name:- Salvia officinalis
Indian name :- Salvia
Sage is an evergreen woody-stemmed shrub grows up to 6 cms. high. The flowers are purplish blue. The dried herb is grey tinged with green. It has strong spicy aroma and has a slightly bitter taste. It has a centuries-old reputation of exerting a beneficial influence on the brain, nerve, eyes and glands. Sage was originated in the Mediterranean countries.
Properties :- Sage has a great role in the history of botanic medicine. The Chinese adage 'sage for old age ' sums up its healthful qualities. Sage is very useful in failing memory. This herb acts on the brain thereby eliminating metal tension and improving concentration. Tea from sage leaves is beneficial in coping with stress. The herb is useful in preventing grey hair if blended in hair tonics. It is also useful for its healing action on the throat and mouth.
Botanical Name:- Santalum album
Indian name :- Chandan
Sandalwood is a medium-sized evergreen tree with almost drooping branches, dark rough bark and fragrant mature wood. The trade name of sandalwood is based on its Indian name. Sandalwood is a native of India. It is cultivated in Karnataka, Coorg, Coimbatore and the southern parts of Tamilnadu. It also grows wild. Sandalwood occupies a very important place in Hindu religious rituals. Sandalwood yields an essential oil which contains santaloe.
Properties :- Sandalwood is bitter, sedative , cooling and cardiac tonic. It is useful in arresting secretion or bleeding and in promoting the flow of urine. Sandalwood oil is stimulant and antiseptic. Sandalwood is valuable in gastric irritability. Sandalwood is also beneficial to the treatment of dysentery. Sandalwood paste is popular household remedy for prickly heat. Another use of the wood is a cooling dressing in inflammatory skin diseases. Sandalwood paste applied on the temple relieves headache and brings down the temperature and fever.
Botanical Name:- Crocus sativus
Indian name :- Kesar
Saffron is a plant resembling onion with 45cms. high. Commercial saffron consist of the dried stigma and tops of the styles of the flowers. It is one of the world's costliest herbs. Saffron is more popular in the Tibbi than in the Ayurvedic medicine. Saffron contains an essential oil which consist of terpenes, alcohols and esters.
Properties :- Saffron is mostly used in indigenous medicine across India. It enjoys a large reputation as a drug which strengthen the functioning of the stomach and promotes its action. Saffron is beneficial in the treatment of several digestive disorders. The herb is useful in promoting and regulating menstrual periods. It soothes lumbar pains which accompany menstruation. Saffron is useful in treating skin disorders. A paste of the herb can be used as a dressing for bruises and superficial sores.
Botanical Name:- Trichosanthes anguina
Indian name :- Chachinga
Snake gourd is a climbing herb with tendrils divided into three parts. It has white male and female flowers and cylindrical, slender, tapering fruits with waxy surface. Its fruits are orange in colour when ripe, and pulpy red at maturity. An analysis of Snake gourd shows it to consist of substantial amount of protein, fat, fibre and carbohydrates.
Properties :- Snake gourd is useful in restoring the disordered processes of nutrition. It creates a cooling effect in the body. Its leaves are used in indigenous medicine in India. The juice of the fresh leaves is useful in heart disorders like palpitation and pain in the heart on physical exertion. Infusion of the leaves is beneficial in the treatment of jaundice. Other uses of this herb is beneficial to the treatment of fevers, alopecia and heart disorders.